Types of Artificial intelligence - What are the 7 types of AI?

Types of Artificial intelligence


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is mainly classified based on two things: One is their capabilities and the other is their functionality.

Types of Artificial intelligence

Types of AI based on capabilities -

According to capabilities, Artificial Intelligence is mainly divided into three stages: Weak Artificial Intelligence, General Artificial Intelligence,  and Super Artificial Intelligence.

These are the three types of artificial intelligence through which they can evolve. Let's understand each stage in depth.

1. Weak Artificial Intelligence:

This type of Artificial Intelligence is also known as Narrow Artificial IntelligenceThis artificial intelligence lacks the ability to think and make decisions like humans.

If we talk about their capabilities then they can perform only a narrowly defined set of specific tasks with intelligence.

Since they are only trained for one specific task so they are called Weak Artificial Intelligence.

For example - Apple Siri and IBM's Watson supercomputer are good examples of Weak Artificial Intelligence and also some other examples of Weak Artificial Intelligence are playing chess, self-driving cars,  purchasing suggestions on e-commerce sites, speech recognition, and image recognition.

2. General Artificial Intelligence:

This type of Artificial Intelligence is also known as Strong Artificial Intelligence. This artificial intelligence has the ability to think and make decisions, just like humans.

There is no existing example of Strong Artificial Intelligence, but it is believed that we will soon be able to build a machine that will be as smart as humans.

3. Super Artificial Intelligence:

This type of Artificial Intelligence system is amazing where machines can surpass human intelligence and perform any task better than cognitively-featured humans.

They will be able to think, reason, solve the puzzle, make judgments, plan, learn, and communicate on their own.

Super Artificial Intelligence is still a hypothetical concept of artificial intelligence, in fact, the development of such a system is still a world-changing task.

Types of AI based on functionality -

According to functionality, Artificial Intelligence is mainly divided into four stages: Reactive Machines Artificial Intelligence, Limited Memory Artificial Intelligence, Theory Of Mind Artificial Intelligence, and Self-aware Artificial Intelligence. Let's understand each stage in depth.

1. Reactive Machines Artificial Intelligence:

This type of Artificial Intelligence system does not store memories or past experiences for future operations.


They are only focused on the current situation and respond to it as the best action possible.

Examples - Google's AlphaGo and IBM's Deep Blue system are good examples of Reactive Machines Artificial Intelligence.

2. Limited Memory Artificial Intelligence:


This type of Artificial Intelligence can store past experiences or some data for a short period of time and then can inform future decisions by using this past experience.


Self-driving cars are one of the best examples of Limited Memory Artificial Intelligence.

These cars can store the recent speed of nearby cars, distance to other cars, speed limits, and other information to navigate the roads.

3. Theory Of Mind Artificial Intelligence:


This type of Artificial Intelligence will understand human emotions, beliefs, and be able to interact socially like humans.


This type of Artificial Intelligence has not yet been developed, but researchers are making great efforts and improvements to develop such Artificial Intelligence.

4. Self-aware Artificial Intelligence:


This type of Artificial Intelligence will be extremely intelligent and have their own consciousness, feelings, and self-awareness.


This type of Artificial Intelligence does not exist in reality, so it is just a hypothetical idea.



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